Tungsten nanoparticles with controlled shape and crystallinity obtained by magnetron sputtering and gas aggregation

Tungsten nanoparticles with controlled shape and crystallinity obtained by magnetron sputtering and gas aggregation

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Materials Letters, Volume 200, p.121-124 (2017)

ISBN:

0167-577X

Abstract:

<p>We report the synthesis of tungsten nanoparticles with two distinct shapes, concave hexapods and faceted cube-octahedral nanocrystals. These types of nanoparticles were obtained with a cluster source based on magnetron sputtering and gas aggregation, by supplying the magnetron discharge with continuous or pulsed wave radiofrequency power. Detailed morphological and microstructural studies were performed. The hexapod particles present a dendritic growth while the faceted ones have a single crystal structure. The alpha-W and beta-w crystalline phases are present in both types of nanoparticles; nevertheless, the beta-W structure is dominant for the hexapod ones. Although the beta-w phase is usually metastable, we observed its unexpected long term preservation in hexapod nanoparticles. The results, added to previously reported nanoflower-like particles, point out the ability to control the shape and structure of the tungsten nanoparticles using the magnetron sputtering gas aggregation technique. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.</p>