Surface States- and Field-Effects at GaAs(100) Electrodes in Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Acid Solution

Surface States- and Field-Effects at GaAs(100) Electrodes in Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Acid Solution

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Volume 165, Issue 4, p.H3008-H3017 (2018)

ISBN:

0013-4651

Abstract:

<p>Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) effects at the electrified p- and n-GaAs(100)/H2SO4 interfaces were investigated by EIS, XPS and AFM. XPS data revealed that under the open circuit conditions, SDS adsorption on GaAs(100) results in a protective overlayer which prevents the further oxidation in air of both types of semiconductor surfaces. The dopant nature is, however, decisive for the way of bonding the surfactant molecule to the surface. At the p-doped substrate, SDS adsorbs mainly at As sites by its hydrocarbon tail and by the anion head to the Ga sites at the n-doped one. Although the surfactant behaves as a dipole under the applied potential control, the dopant type plays a key role in the SDS interaction with GaAs(100) electrodes too. EIS data evidenced that SDS interaction with n-GaAs(100) electrode brings a pronounced decrease of the capacitive contribution of the surface states and a shift of the flatband potential to less negative values, unlike the p-doped one, where no significant change in its electronic properties was observed. These results were rationalized in terms of surface states- and field-effects operating at the electrified interfaces under discussion. (C) The Author(s) 2017. Published by ECS.</p>