Electric and magnetic properties of ferromagnetic/piezoelectric bilayered composite

Electric and magnetic properties of ferromagnetic/piezoelectric bilayered composite

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Journal of Materials Science, Volume 53, Issue 20, p.14160-14171 (2018)

ISBN:

0022-2461

Abstract:

<p>One of the most promising ways for the realization of multi-functional materials is the integration of oxides with different properties in artificial heterostructures. In this paper, a novel piezoelectric-ferromagnetic heterostructure consisting of 0.92Na(0.5)Bi(0.5)TiO(3)-0.08BaTiO(3) (abbreviated as BNT-BT0.08) and CoFe2O4 layers is fabricated on Si-Pt substrate, by sol-gel method coupled with spin-coating technique. The composite thin film shows only perovskite Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-like rhombohedral phase and CoFe2O4 cubic phase. The thickness of CoFe2O4 and BNT-BT0.08 layers is similar to 280 and similar to 400 nm, respectively. BNT-BT0.08/CoFe2O4 heterostructure thin film shows a saturation magnetization of 0.11 emu/g at 5 K and 0.07 emu/g at 295 K, dielectric constant of 235 at 1 kHz and tunability of 70% at 1 kHz and an electric field E = 110 kV/cm. The results reveal that the investigated hybrid piezoelectric/ferromagnetic structure shows piezoelectric behavior, good ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties. This bilayer composite can be used in miniature low-frequency magnetic sensor and piezoelectric sensor for biomedical domain.</p>